The Bollinger Bands trading strategy is based on the idea that volatility tends to expand and contract over time, and that price tends to revert to the mean. When the price moves outside the upper or lower band, it is considered to be overbought or oversold, respectively.
Traders can use this information to enter or exit trades, depending on their trading strategy.
However, if you are a seasoned trader who has used the BB indicator, then you know that outer lines of the Bollinger bands do not act as hard boundaries or walls for the price to bounce off. Instead, price breaching the outer lines is just a soft signal for a possible reversal.
But the actual strategy is based on contraction and expansion of the boundaries:
- Contraction : winding up, preparing for a breakout.
- Expansion : break out and possible commencement of a trend.
Introduction to Bollinger Bands Indicator
Bollinger Bands is a technical analysis tool created by John Bollinger in the 1980s. It is widely used by traders to analyze financial markets, particularly in identifying potential buy and sell signals.
The Bollinger Bands indicator consists of three lines: a simple moving average line, an upper band line, and a lower band line. The middle line represents the average price of the asset being analyzed, while the upper and lower bands are plotted two standard deviations above and below the middle line, respectively.
Overall, Bollinger Bands is a versatile and widely-used tool for technical analysis, and can be used in a variety of market conditions and trading styles.
Bollinger Bands Strategy – Step-by-Step Guide
- Start by selecting the asset you want to trade and setting up the Bollinger Bands indicator on your trading platform.
- Look for periods of low volatility, indicated by the bands narrowing together, and wait for the price to break out of the bands in either direction.
- If the price breaks out above the upper band, this is considered a potential buy signal. Conversely, if the price breaks out below the lower band, this is considered a potential sell signal.
- Confirm the signal by looking for other technical indicators or market conditions that support your trade decision. For example, you may want to check for overbought or oversold conditions using the Relative Strength Index (RSI) or the stochastic oscillator.
- Enter the trade, setting your stop loss and take profit levels according to your risk management strategy.
- Monitor the trade and adjust your stop loss and take profit levels as necessary.
Bollinger Bands Strategy FAQ
- What is the Bollinger Bands indicator?
The Bollinger Bands indicator is a technical analysis tool that consists of three lines: a simple moving average line, an upper band line, and a lower band line. These lines are plotted two standard deviations above and below the middle line, representing the average price of the asset being analyzed.
- How do I use Bollinger Bands to identify buy and sell signals?
Bollinger Bands can be used to identify potential buy and sell signals by looking for periods of low volatility, indicated by the bands narrowing together, and waiting for the price to break out of the bands in either direction. If the price breaks out above the upper band, this is considered a potential buy signal, while a break below the lower band is considered a potential sell signal.
- What are the advantages of using Bollinger Bands?
Bollinger Bands is a widely-used tool for technical analysis that can help traders identify potential buy and sell signals, as well as manage risk through the use of stop loss and take profit levels.
- What are the limitations of using Bollinger Bands?
Like any trading strategy, Bollinger Bands is not foolproof and may not work in all market conditions. It is important to use other technical indicators and market analysis to confirm your trading decisions.
- How do I set up Bollinger Bands on my trading platform?
The process for setting up Bollinger Bands will depend on your trading platform. Consult your platform’s user guide or help center for instructions.
- How do I adjust the settings of the Bollinger Bands indicator?
The default settings for Bollinger Bands are a 20-period simple moving average with the upper and lower bands set two standard deviations away from the middle line. However, traders can adjust these settings to suit their individual trading style and market conditions.
- How do I use Bollinger Bands with other technical indicators?
Bollinger Bands can be used in conjunction with other technical indicators, such as the Relative Strength Index (RSI) or the stochastic oscillator, to confirm trading signals and manage risk.
- What are some common trading strategies that use Bollinger Bands?
Common trading strategies that use Bollinger Bands include the Bollinger Band squeeze, the Bollinger Bands breakout, and the Bollinger Bands reversal.
- How can I backtest my Bollinger Bands trading strategy?
Traders can backtest their Bollinger Bands trading strategy using historical market data and a trading simulator or backtesting software.
- How do I manage risk when trading with Bollinger Bands?
Traders can manage risk when trading with Bollinger Bands by setting stop loss and take profit levels, and by using other risk management techniques such as position sizing and diversification.
- Moving Average Crossover Trading Strategy
- MACD (Moving Average Convergence Divergence) Divergence Trading Strategy (MACDD)
- RSI (Relative Strength Index)
- Fibonacci Retracement
- Ichimoku Cloud trading strategy
Bollinger Bands Downloads
- MT5 Bollinger Bands squeeze indicator: https://www.mql5.com/en/code/22615
- MT5 Expert Advisor based on Bollinger Bands indicator: https://www.mql5.com/en/code/166
- Empirical optimization of Bollinger Bands for Profit: https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/56368471.pdf